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Technical Information

Choice and Assembly

Choice of wall thickness

When choosing the wall thickness, a couple of issues have to be considered:

  • What max. pressure » will be applied? In the charts on page 226 the minimum wall thickness can easily be found.
  • To which temperatures will the tubing be exposed? The maximum pressure has to be reduced by the stated factors.
  • Shall the tubing be applied under vacuum? Then the wall thickness has to be sufficient (rule of thumb)

Fitting and tubing have to fit

Practice has proved that tubing varies in diameter. We therefore recommend to check before assembly whether the tubing outer diameter corresponds to the nominal size (e. g. Ø 6 mm). The values in the right chart will be helpful.
The surface of PTFEGlossaryPTFEPolytetrafluoroethylene  tubing can be damaged if V-rings are inserted by force and result in leakage.

Easy assembly

First check whether your laboratory screw joint (inner diameter) fits your tubing (outer diameter). If it is still difficult to put the tubing inside the inner parts of the laboratory screw joint, a trick can be helpful. Just either sharpen the tubing with a simple sharpener or cut it diagonally. You should now be able to easily put the tubing through the inner parts.

Transition from imperialGlossaryimperial A system of units based on Inches. In Europe, the imperial system (which is still very common in the USA) has been replaced by the metric system. With BOLA Tube Fittings and Reducing Unions, a transition from metric to imperial tubing can easily be made. The conversion from mm to inch can be found here.  to metricGlossarymetric The metric system is an international decimalised system of measurement. In Europe, the system was introduced in the 19th century to achieve international comparability. With BOLA Tube Fittings and Reducing Unions, a transition from metric to imperial tubing can easily be made. The conversion from mm to inch can be found here.  tubing

With BOLA Tube Fittings and Reducing Unions, transition from imperialGlossaryimperial A system of units based on Inches. In Europe, the imperial system (which is still very common in the USA) has been replaced by the metric system. With BOLA Tube Fittings and Reducing Unions, a transition from metric to imperial tubing can easily be made. The conversion from mm to inch can be found here.  to metricGlossarymetric The metric system is an international decimalised system of measurement. In Europe, the system was introduced in the 19th century to achieve international comparability. With BOLA Tube Fittings and Reducing Unions, a transition from metric to imperial tubing can easily be made. The conversion from mm to inch can be found here.  tubing or connections between both can easily be made. For example: A pipe socket of an analytical device with an outer diameter of 1/4" shall be connected to a PTFEGlossaryPTFEPolytetrafluoroethylene  tubing with an outer diameter of 8 mm.

Needed components: Reducing union 6 mm to 8 mm (Cat.No. D 526-10) and a set of tapered V-rings O 1/4" (6.35 mm; Cat.No. D 502-03). By exchanging the 6 mm V-rings with the 1/4" V-rings, the pipe socket can be connected to the 1/4" reducing union and the 8 mm PTFEGlossaryPTFEPolytetrafluoroethylene  tubing on the other side.

BOLA Laboratory Screw Joints

Application
BOLA Laboratory Screw Joints are the perfect choice to connect hardwalled tubing (e. g. PTFEGlossaryPTFEPolytetrafluoroethylene , PFAGlossaryPFA Perfluoroalkoxy , FEPGlossaryFEPTetraflouroethylene-Perflouropropylene) or tubes in different materials (such as glass, metall, plastics) with devices with GL-threads.

Components
Each laboratory screw joint consists of a cap with female GL-thread, bore and internal cone as well as a set of three inner parts: v-ring, tapered ring and sealing ring. For laboratory screw joints for tubing O. D. smaller than 3 mm, the sealing ring includes additionally a FPMGlossaryFPM Elastomer on the base of fluorocaoutchouc, more familiar as VITON® (DuPont). Many O-rings, lip seals and sleeves are made of FPM. It has a very good resistance to heat, chemicals, weather and ozone. Furthermore, it is resistant to sulphurated mineral oils and fats and to hardly inflammable HFD liquids (basis phosphor ester or chlorinated hydrocarbon). It is not resistant to anhydrous ammonia, caustic soda, potassium, ketones, ether, dioxane as well as some amines and organic acids. For BOLA products, FPM is mainly used as sealing material, mostly protected from the medium by a PTFE sealing lip. -o-ring which is protected by a PTFEGlossaryPTFEPolytetrafluoroethylene  sealing lip. The special clou of BOLA’s Laboratory Screw Joint System: You can connect different tubing diameters to the same GL threadGlossaryGL threadGlass thread by simply exchanging the inner spare parts. It is not necessary to adapt the GL threadGlossaryGL threadGlass thread or fitting. A reduction is made by exchanging the inner spare parts instead of adapting the GL threadGlossaryGL threadGlass thread.

Choice
A suitable laboratory screw joint for your connection can easily be found. First of all, the outer diameter of the tubing or tube and the size of the GL threadGlossaryGL threadGlass thread to which the laboratory screw joint shall be connected have to be determined. Further assistance on the determination of threads can be found in our technical appendix. Also the application is decisive: Will there be temperatures of more than +150 °C? If so, the BOLA Laboratory Screw Joints HT in PPSGlossaryPPS Polyphenylsiloxan (black) are the right choice. PPSGlossaryPPS Polyphenylsiloxan provides besides at once a good thermal and chemical resistance. Or is a high chemical resistance more important? Then you have to choose BOLA Laboratory Screw Joints in ETFE (red) on page XXX. In comparison to PPSGlossaryPPS Polyphenylsiloxan , they provide a better chemical resistance but can be used only up to max. +150 °C. For more flexibility, all screw caps and sets of inner spare parts can also be ordered separately.

Assembly and Function
Assembly can easily made by hand. First, the screw cap has to be put on the tubing end, that shall be mounted to the GL socket. After that, the inner parts are pushed on the tubing. Please pay attention to the right order: slotted v-ring, tapered ring and o-ring for O.D. smaller than 3 mm, sealing ring as well as on the correct mounting orientation. A schematic drawing on our labels repeats this information. Push the tubing through the GL socket, place the inner parts on the sealing surface of the GLthread and finally fix the connection by tightening the screw cap. The screw cap presses firmly the sealing ring and the tapered ring on the GLthreaded counter piece. At the same time, the v-ring is compressed and the tubing is fixed tightly as well. The complete connection is tight. Provided the laboratory screw joint is exposed to changing working temperatures, it might be necessary to tighten the screw joints once more due to different expansion coefficients of the used materials PTFEGlossaryPTFEPolytetrafluoroethylene  and PPSGlossaryPPS Polyphenylsiloxan /ETFE.